In mid-June I started a new part-time, entry-level position at the Oregon Historical Society as an archivist assistant, working on a temporary project to move the research library. I’m lucky enough to be working under experienced archivists and librarians, learning a bit more about the field and about standard procedures. The materials in the library will be relocated to another facility while the library is renovated, but most materials will still be accessible. This means we are methodically combing through the existing collections and making sure they are properly housed and catalogued in order to move them. New shelving units will be ordered for storage off-site, so there is plenty of measuring and calculating of linear feet required to shelf the materials being moved. Of course, there are many diagrams on graph paper and a multitude of spreadsheets to coordinate all this. But there is also a lot of time handling paper and books and getting a hands-on experience of the Oregon Historical Society’s library collection. A few of my favorite finds so far are pictured.
This documentary about the past, present and future of letterpress in Argentina is currently circulating the world at public screenings, and showed to a small audience in Portland this past month. Filmmakers Pablo Pivetta and Nicolas Rodriguez Fuchs were in attendance, and patiently answered our questions about the evolution of print in Buenos Aires and surrounding areas. Shot over a period of 6 years, the story weaves together those who are forced to give up the trade and a small group of people who are just discovering the wonders of printing from hand set type. Perhaps this film will help shed light on the interest of newer generations in letterpress printing, and to connect traditional practitioners in Argentina with those eager to learn.
As of February 2019, we have ceased the commercial operations of Stumptown Printers Worker Cooperative, so for the past couple months I’ve been reassessing how I spend my working hours. For the last 20 years my identity has been wrapped up in the collective operations of our business and the print trade, with all other activities playing second fiddle. While I don’t have the means to take a sabbatical from work altogether, I am able to refocus the work that I’m doing.
The majority of our printing equipment is in storage, but we set up two presses in our new garage studio and started in printing right away. Despite the fact that we’re not completely unpacked yet, it promises to be an efficient little space (180 square feet!) once we’ve organized all the tools and supplies and type and cuts and paper and dies and …. well, you get the idea. I’ve been taking on some commission printing from past customers, in addition to doing a bit of consulting and instruction with printers in their own studios.
The opportunity to increase my project management work has been very satisfying as well. Look for future entries about the specific projects as they move ahead! With this shift I am also continuing to build my skills as a consulting archivist through courses and volunteer time (at the C.C. Stern Type Foundry and in the Special Collections at the Multnomah County Library). So I have faith that I will gradually piece together a new routine to build upon my skills and also move towards new ones.
From November 2-4, 2018 the Hamilton Wood Type & Printing Museum will be hosting their tenth annual Wayzgoose in Two Rivers, WI. The museum has grown into a vital organization that not only preserves the legacy of wood type but also passes on the knowledge of it’s manufacturing processes. It’s also now the home for the legendary Silver Buckle Press, formerly at the University of Wisconsin – Madison. For many years I’ve heard from friends and colleagues that the Wayzgoose is one of their favorite gatherings, so I’m excited to attend this year. Along with my partner, Brian, I’ll be presenting during the breakout sessions about the C.C. Stern Type Foundry. It’s an honor to be on the schedule with so many people doing inspirational work in the fields of design, print and preservation from all over the world.
Photos (l-r, clockwise): The foundry at M&H Type, Lewis Mitchell and Brian Bagdonas looking at M&H specimen books; presentations in the gallery at M&H Type; casting room at Patrick Reagh Printers; casting spec at Patrick Reagh Printers; Brian Ferrett, Bill Welliver and Mark Sarigianis at Prototype Press.
The American Typecasting Fellowship held its 40th anniversary conference at M&H Type in San Francisco from August 23-26th, 2018. M&H is the oldest working typecasting business in the United States, currently employing two journeymen casters and one apprentice. They service the fine press book work of Arion Press as well as casting type to order for customers. We were lucky enough to catch a short visit from Lewis Mitchell, who came by to donate some materials to the conference auction and say hello. He was employed at M&H for more than 60 years but retired about 4 years ago.
As always, the ATF Conference included technical sessions, with hands-on work opportunities. I signed up to get an overview of the Monotype Composition casters which they have running with the Welliver interface, since we have just acquired an interface for the C.C. Stern Type Foundry. The programming seems to make sense so long as one can operate the caster! That will be a good winter project.
Tech sessions were followed by a field trip to the Letterform Archive and then a reception at The Box. Both institutions are worth spending some time at, and both have collected more items than one can browse easily. It’s best to rely on the expertise of their archivists and curators, and asking for items relating to one’s own area of interest. A brief stop at the Book Club of California was also inspirational — the special collections library is now well catalogued and searchable online, so with more time one could embark on some great research within the stacks.
A full day of presentations at M&H included a great mix of reports on hands-on projects, machine restoration, research visits around the world, apprentice reports, and a particularly challenging thesis on the Pantograph presented by Dr. Documento. A small group then gathered at Prototype Press in West Oakland to turn over the casters and generally enjoy being in Mark’s book printing studio. On Sunday, Pat Reagh hosted the whole group up in Sebastapol at his print shop. We’ve visited Pat before, but it still awes me to see the body of typographically rich work he has produced over the years.
So, after a full four days, we returned home with our bundle of keepsakes and plenty to consider.
For nearly 20 years as a co-owner and worker at Stumptown Printers I’ve been collecting ink underneath my fingernails in pursuit of a commercial printing career. As things change with technology and the industry as a whole, our business is feeling the pressure and having to adjust rapidly. We’ve been actively working to create more opportunities to further the craft of printing through Stumptown Printers and related volunteer activities at the C.C. Stern Type Foundry, but we need a boost from the community to make this venture a continued success. Please take a moment to read our post and consider a gesture of support.
PNCA is offering a set of summer intensive courses from June 18-23rd that I’m pleased to take part in. Registrants can choose from seven different tracks, including a letterpress class that I will teach. I will be working on a small edition broadside print, using it as a teaching tool for demonstrations and discussion. In turn, students will design and print their own editioned poster, broadside, or simple folded book structure. The focus will be on hand set type and creative image making. Participants will receive instruction on how to trouble-shoot challenges involved in printing: we will discuss how to achieve fine printing through exact make-ready and packing techniques, careful typesetting and registration, ink mixing for color matching, foolproof lockups, and proper impression on the Vandercook Proofing Press.
As part of the class, students will be able to opt in to two special add ons:
A private weekday visit to Stumptown Printers to see the workings of a small “job shop”, and a guided tour of the C.C. Stern Type Foundry on June 16th to witness the process of metal type casting.
Register here: http://ce.pnca.edu/adult
Thanks to Anthology Editions for including Stumptown Printers as part of Peter Coffin’s Imaginary Concerts exhibit at Marfa Myths 2018! Peter had worked with Colby Poster Company previously to commission a number of custom split fountain prints which were on display. We replicated three of the color combinations in a very limited quantity as part of this project, then set and shipped two complete type forms to Marfa for the event. Each composition was an invented lineup, one curated by Eileen Myles and another by Mark Scott, and we locked them up on site using a sign press borrowed from Red Press Printing. Brian and I had great fun helping locals and festival goers pull commemorative prints over the course of three days. We marveled at how quickly the ink cured in the dry desert atmosphere!
Over the past year I have been assisting as a project manager to local artist and educator, Barb Tetenbaum, with an incredible public art project called The Slow Read. It is a summer-long viewing of page spreads of Willa Cather’s novel, My Antonia, in celebration of its Centenary. Barb has been working with this novel for nearly a decade, creating art installations and printing artists books inspired by the literary work. This transformation of the novel into a nationwide daily visual simulcast is designed to be experienced with others in community spaces like libraries, town centers, schools, and art centers. It’s an opportunity to appreciate the value and beauty of the novel, and to discuss some of the timeless issues addressed in the work — immigration, women’s rights, and land conservation. I hope you will take a moment to watch the Kickstarter and consider a contribution to the campaign.
Feb 28, 2018 - Mar 14, 2018
6:30PM - 8:30PM
This offering is a conversation for printers about decisions to make and things to consider before launching a company or taking on commission jobs. Covers professional practices in the trade, experience & education, business plans & financial resources, legal and moral responsibilities, client management, vendor sourcing, operations, pricing and equipment.
Register on the PNCA Continuing Education site
The C.C. Stern Type Foundry is presenting a screening of Pressing On: The Letterpress Film this coming Tuesday, the 19th at The Clinton Street Theater. You can see the post about the event and get details here. It’s a beautifully shot film that interviews multiple generations of the letterpress community in the Midwest. Some of my favorite printers and type casters are featured, including a few that we visited in their home shops just a couple weeks ago!
I printed the poster at Stumptown Printers — a form constructed entirely of hot metal composition. A real treat! Ludlow, Linotype and a Monotype Sorts Caster were all used to cast the type and ornamentation, which we printed in two colors on Fabriano Rosapina. The particulars are in that red arrow, if you truly want to geek out about which type face is which. A limited amount of posters will be for sale at the event, helping to support the costs of the film screening.
Looking forward to gathering at the theater!
Back in February, Brian and I ventured down to the SF Bay Area to peek in on the 2017 Codex Book Fair. It was our first visit to this biennial event, and proved to be just as eye opening as promised. The Craneway Pavillion was filled with over 200 people showcasing their artists books & fine press publications, and hundreds of visitors strolling the aisles to peruse the offerings. Exhibitors were there from all over the world, with a focus on Chinese Book Arts and notable international contributions from Germany, South Korea, Italy and the UK.
Though many methods of production are being used in contemporary book work, there was, of course, a lot of overlap with our typecasting community. The progress that Ed Rayer (Swamp Press & Letterfoundry) and Barbara Henry (Harsimus Press) have been making with their Kliluk asemic typeface is impressive, and Barbara had both spec sheets for the first castings and also an example of her book in progress. “The Seaweed Journal” uses the Kliluk typeface to tell the story of an alien mermaid experiencing the underwater world on earth.
Portland-transplant, Andres Chaves of Clinker Press had his fine books for sale, most of which focus on the Arts & Crafts movement or relate to printing arts specifically. The majority are cast in Intertype and Ludlow composition. The folks from M&H Type were roaming the pavilion, though they didn’t have a table set up. And Russell Maret was displaying some of his newer books, featuring type he designed, one cast at the Type Archive and another from Swamp Press.
We had the chance to visit with Mark Sarigianis of Prototype Press while in the Bay Area, and to take a quick peek at his studio where work is in progress on “Ham on Rye”, the Bukowski classic. The prospectus is out, the book uses hand made paper from St. Armand and is set in Goudy Powell. Nearly all the type is cast, initial proofs have been pulled, some final pages already printed. All this in a very bare bones studio space — when we visited, the building roof was leaking and the studio was covered in fireproof tarps which had to be emptied of water puddles daily. It’s amazing & heartening to see that Mark is driven to carry on the work that David Johnston and he started, with true passion for the printing of finely crafted books from metal type.
In a random internet search for some printing related items, I came upon a listing on the UK eBay site for a “Dated 1960 Cover Portland Hallwyler Printing Company” envelope. The image above is what turned up — quite a specimen of composition work, with its presses and people built out of type! This particular company has been on my list of print shops to research, as it has been mentioned by others as a major player in the print scene in Portland during the mid-1900s.
Hallwyler Printing Company was founded in 1926 by Fred O. Hallwyler (1901-1978). Fred was the son of Swiss immigrants who came to the US when they were in their mid-twenties. Shortly thereafter Fred was born. He began his printing career at the Portland Daily News Telegram, and worked through the ranks to become a master typographer. Not much information on the early years of the Hallwyler company is available, but it is noted that Fred’s father, Gottlieb, also worked at the shop. By the mid-1950s business seemed to have been thriving, and in 1955 an expansion added 10,000 sq feet to their existing facility at 1020 E. Burnside. The building extension filled out the block to 10th Avenue, ultimately changing their address to 10 SE Tenth.
A feel-good story in the Oregonian in 1957 tells the tale of a high school student who recovers a fire-proof safe from an overgrown lot in North Portland. It turns out to belong to Hallwyler Printing and had been stolen from the shop in the middle of the night, hauled away in the company truck by an opportunistic burglar. The safe contained only the company records and no money, but was returned unopened anyway. The boy who found it and turned it in was rewarded with $50 which he used to rent a tux for his Junior prom at Roosevelt high school. Fred and his wife, Alice, apparently delivered the check in person.
At this time Fred’s son Robert was working for the company in a management role. Hallwyler was a well-respected job shop in Portland, and both Fred and Robert were elected as officers for the Oregon Printing Industry professional association at various times. Fred served as secretary in 1956, and Robert held the office of president in 1961.
In 1966, the Hallwyler Printing Company announced a merger with Agency Lithograph Company, and stock was exchanged between the two companies. Later in that same year, the firms took part in the historic expansion of the Graphic Arts Center, wherein they joined with Abbott Kerns & Bell, Paul O. Giesey Adcrafters, and Meredith Type Founders at a newly constructed facility at 20th and NW Wilson. This combination formed one of the most historically renowned job & advertising print organizations in Portland.
I recently attended the American Typecasting Fellowship (ATF) Conference, and as usual was inspired and recharged by the event. The 2016 conference was hosted by the Book Arts Center at Wells College and the Bixler Press & Letterfoundry in the Finger Lakes Region of New York, and included additional visits to Virgin Wood Type and the Cary Graphic Arts Collection. Over the five days from August 10th-14th, attendees were treated to a variety of presentations, hands-on typecasting sessions, social gatherings, and impressive thunder & lightning storms.
On Friday, there were more than four hours of talks on technical matters, equipment relocation, and research related to typecasting technology. A couple highlights:
Greg Walters talked about his latest forays into casting large type on his Barth Pivitol Caster, and brought specimen sheets for both the 144pt. Stymie Inline Titling and American Eagle projects he’s completed. We received a briefing of developments related to the Sterling Type Foundry — Bob Magill will continue Dave Churchman’s legacy and have type and ornamental material for sale indefinitely. Ed Rayher of Swamp Press talked about his current undertakings, including an interesting project working with Barbara Henry’s designs for an asemic calligraphic font, his recent casting of “Baker” for Russell Maret, and an experimental engraving of the Doves Type revival typeface.
The opportunity to visit the press and letter foundry of Winifred & Michael Bixler is more akin to a pilgrimage than a mere “visit”. The work that they do holds to a high standard – from casting fonts for printers, to repro proofs and fine press printing for publishers, the Bixlers have continued to work with Monotype composition for over 40 years. Their attention to detail can be found beyond their typography, too. Their shop is impeccably organized (admittedly restored to order in honor of the ATF Conference) with spacing material and tools exactly where needed, plenty of open workspace, and color coded systems in both the casting & printing rooms. In their association with Wells College, they also offer instruction and encouragement to all levels of printers.
Hands-on work is integral to each ATF Conference. Beyond the technical sessions on the Monotype Composition and Super Casters , many tips and tricks were exchanged. I want to note personal thanks to both Bob Magill and Jim Walzak for taking the time to answer my questions regarding the sorts casters — they both offered possible solutions for little bugs on one of the machines that I work with while volunteering at the C.C. Stern Type Foundry.
Informal presentations on Saturday from Richard Årlin of Sweden and Bradley Hutchinson (Austin, TX) were inspiring as well. Bradley is in the process of casting a specimen of Andromaque, a typeface designed by Victor Hammer. The connection to this year’s conference was direct — Hammer was a teacher at Wells College until 1948, and designed American Uncial, among other faces while he was there.* Hutchinson’s current casting is made from electroformed matrices from the collection of Paul Hayden Duensing. It’s an interesting typeface. Additionally, Bradley brought prospectuses for Stanzas by Pietro Bembo, cast in Blado and Poliphilus types, and featured in Matrix 33. Richard Årlin shared a selection of his books from his Stamp Och Press, including an example of his recent endeavor The Lost Subiaco Donatus (2013). Richard is one of few artists working on his fine press books from start to finish — designing the type and carving the punches, punching mats and casting the type, making the paper & ink by hand, creating & printing photographic etchings and binding his own books. I forgot to ask if he makes his own thread, too!
Finally, I would be remiss if I did not note the keepsake exchange, a welcome opportunity to swap print work with other participants (For our contribution, Stumptown Printers die-cut Monotype mold gaskets for the C.C. Stern Type Foundry to use as their give-away keepsake). There are a variety of approaches represented in this selection of ephemera, plenty to review and consider before our next gathering in two years.
*We were able to view a number of Victor Hammer’s matrices and punches at the Wells College Library, including American Uncial.
While browsing one of the Arcadia Publishing books titled Portland’s Slabtown, I noticed a reproduction advertisement for the Lane-Miles Standish Company. That ad became the perfect excuse to continue researching the print shops of Portland’s past.
The Lane-Miles Standish Printing Company began in 1919 at 309 Southwest Oak Street. At that location they were surrounded by at least nine other printing outfits within a three block radius, including Kilham Stationery (see previous blog). Despite the competition Alan Lane, Sr. and Miles Standish ran a successful business and after 10 years they contracted with Austin Company Architecture Firm to realize an ambitious new building concept. Their future print shop was designed with an armory castle-top turret at the North corner entrance, to be used as staff offices, as well as a single story 100x150 ft extension for their production facility. Their plant was to be located at NW 19th and Raleigh, and their two mile move to the industrial district was considered bold at the time.
Concurrent to their relocation to the Slabtown neighborhood, Lane-Miles Standish became one of two Portland-area printers to introduce the Jean Berté Watercolor process to their customers. Available to American printers starting in 1927, the Berté process used hand engraved images cut into hardened rubber which eventually became the plates used for relief printing. Berté’s inks were designed to lay down in large, solid, brilliant swaths of color, and to overlay in ways that utilized their semi-transparencies to form new colors. Lane-Miles Standish used this print method for local advertising work and art prints, allowing them to expand their offerings beyond the work they were primarily known for — business forms, stationery & envelopes, folding boxes, police parking tags, and financial reports. A 1933 article in The Oregonian also notes that the company would be adding staff to expand into printing jigsaw puzzles, from the printing of photo imagery through to the process of die cutting the pieces.
Alan Lane, Sr. and Miles Standish served as the corporate officers for their printing company up until each retired or died. Miles Standish was active in local civic organizations in addition to his business interests, and was appointed as a Port of Portland Commissioner by the Governor in 1934. Standish died at age 61, in July of 1949. Alan Lane, Sr. worked at his company for 26 years, until 1945, when he was succeeded by his son, Alan Lane Junior. Lane Jr.’s service lasted until 2000. At that time, Alan’s son Steven and a Mr. Frank Wall became the registered agents. Lane-Miles Standish Printing Company was dissolved in 2005, but the building at 1539 NW 19th is still owned by the families of the founders.
The original structure is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places as an example of Late Gothic Revival architecture, and is home to the offices of Capital Property Management and North marketing & design firm. In 1962 an additional 5,000 sq foot warehouse was built to fill out the block. That warehouse was demolished in 2006 to make way for “Lane 1919” a six story tower that includes upscale apartments, office space and retail.
For years I’ve been curious about the print shops of Portland’s past, and the workers who helped keep the skills alive. The printing craft had a huge influence on the industries of this city, businesses here had both a ready supply of paper from local mills and the means to distribute printed matter by rail and boat early on in Oregon’s statehood.
Last month I was looking through some Multnomah Typographic Union contract negotiation papers that were donated to the C.C. Stern Type Foundry, and noticed a little sticker at the front of the book. The sticker noted the scrapbook model number and the supplier — Kilham Stationery & Printing Company. This led me on a weeks long search to see what I could find out about the history of this shop, once located in downtown Portland. So here’s what I’ve got so far:
Kilham Stationery and Printing Company was established in 1898 by Edward D. Kilham. Original incorporation documents and certificates held at the Oregon Historical Society show that initial stock owners included Howard’s wife, Frances, along with other family members, in addition to Rowland Waltz (who had the majority, 25 shares) and James S. Ball (who worked for many years as company Director). When Howard passed away in 1929, ownership of the company was transferred to his son, Horace. Phil Mestcham and James Ball are listed as President & VP in the 1937 Printing Trades Blue Book, with Horace listed as the Treasurer. Howard’s wife (and Horace’s mother) continued to work at the company in a management role until her death in 1951 at age 79. Articles in the Oregonian suggest that she still went in to the office daily up until the time of her passing.
In 1900 two shop locations were noted, one at SW Fifth and Oak and the other at 267 SW Morrison, the second of which was closed in 1903. The flagship building at Fifth and Oak boasted “Everything for the Office” — six floors dedicated to office furniture and equipment, architects & engineers supplies, signage, leather goods, typewriter supplies, bound and loose leaf books, forms, bookkeeping equipment, date books, house numbers, pens, pencils, clocks, and more. On the fourth and fifth floors manufacturing of rubber stamps, printing, engraving, embossing, and bookbinding services were realized.
In 1963 George Goodall became President and Treasurer of Kilham. Goodall was initially hired in 1942, and was serving as Vice President of the corporation by 1958. His presence marks a continuity to the transition, aided by his Vice-President, Robert Hoyt. Hoyt started working at Kilham Stationery & Printing in 1946, and eventually succeeded Goodall as the President and owner of the company. At this time, the headquarters were moved to 134 NW 8th Avenue.
In 1979 the company was sold again, this time to Wakefield Mack. Robert Hoyt continued on as the general manager, presumably until the company was dissolved in February 1991. The final location of Kilham Stationery and Printing Company was at 509 NW 10th Ave in Portland.
In it’s heyday, Kilham produced a number of books and pamphlets under it’s own imprint, most of which seemed regionally focused. A sample of early color litho, Oregon in Color, can be found in manuscripts at the Oregonian Historical Society. The technique for color reproduction in this 1925 publication is much like the tri-color process we have been working to re-create at Stumptown Printers.
For commissioned job work, they offered Linotype and Monotype composition, along with hand set work in a variety of typefaces. Their print customers included advertising firms, small businesses, and larger manufacturers needing everything from customized office forms to a printed and bound catalog. Many customers hired Kilham to print promotional materials for their companies — postcards, pamphlets and brochures. Numerous advertisements from historical editions of the Oregonian newspaper advance their “Quality Printing” with the “BEST and COMPLETE service in everything pertaining to the printing art.”
It’s hard to beat that.
I'm really pleased to be participating in this exhibit, and to have helped to curate the work of some amazing letterpress artists working with metal type.
February 4-27, 2016
First Friday, February 5, 2015
5:00 - 8:00 p.m.
Ink + Metal + Paper is an invitational exhibition curated by the C.C. Stern Type Foundry, a working museum and non-profit organization dedicated to preserving the art and industry of the typographic form located here in Portland. Ink + Metal + Paper features letterpress work from a select international roster of renowned printers and includes books and broadsides showcasing the use of metal type, ornaments, and border elements in relief printing.
The exhibit includes the work of twenty-four printers, from as close as Portland to as far away as Belgium. It also includes representative pieces from C. Christopher Stern, Jules Remedios Faye, and Jim Rimmer, three book artists who inspired the C.C. Stern Type Foundry since its early inception.
Artists featured in this exhibition include: Brian Bagdonas, Inge Bruggeman, John Christopher, Jennifer Farrell, Julia Ferrari, Rebecca Gilbert, Patrick Goossens, Joseph Green, John Grice, Barbara Henry, Richard Hopkins, Darrell Hyder, Myrna Keliher, Emily Larned, Norman McKnight, Sarah Nicholls, Pat and John Randle, Amy Redmond, Mark Sarigianis, Ivan Snyder, Jessica Spring, Barbara Tetenbaum, Sandy Tilcock, and Jenny Wilkson.
A belated THANK YOU to all the folks we met or reconnected with on our trip to the UK and Belgium, it was a marvelous reminder of the strengths of both the print and music communities.
Brian and I arrived in the UK a bit road-weary, but the reception from locals in Stroud and at nearby Whittington Press made us swiftly forget. Thanks to John & Pat Randle for taking a break from Matrix 33 production to share their brilliant print work and stories with us. John Grice stopped by, and we were able to bum a ride with him to check out Evergreen Press and also meet Stan Lane at Gloucester Typesetting. Thanks to both for sharing time and fine typographic work with us!
The St Bride Wayzgoose was great fun, and a wonderful gathering of printers and print enthusiasts. There are too many people to thank to list them all here, so suffice it to say we appreciated the camaraderie and hospitality of all. Special appreciation to Mick Clayton for organizing and to Helen Ingham for encouraging us to attend in the first place. If you missed our previous posts, you can see photos and read about the event here. It was nice to reconnect with ex-pat Alix Christie and also our 2015 Stumptown Printers intern, David Armes of Little Red Rabbit/Hot Bed Press /Red Plate Press there as well. We definitely did not spend enough time exploring the library and the collections at St Bride, so we’ll have to do it again!
We hopped the train over to Ghent to visit Armina Ghazaryan of Type & Press, who was kind enough to let us spend the day poking around the print and casting collection at MIAT (Museum of industry, labor & textile). A long walk around the charming medieval city center and a couple beers later we were sorry to say goodbye. Then on to Antwerp to see Patrick Goossens and to finally visit the renowned Plantin-Moretus museum. The collections at the museum are amazing, including some of the oldest manuscripts and earliest printed matter still existing. The print shop was full of kids getting lessons on copperplate engraving and letterpress printing, right in the same building that housed the original print shop from 1576-1876. Patrick spent the day (and most of the evening!) showing us Letter-kunde Press and his extensive collection of hand presses, casting equipment and other printing related machinery. We barely made it out to eat before all the restaurants were closed! The Belgian hospitality was definitely generous — thank you Armina and Patrick.
Our last stop was back in London where we managed to visit Helen Ingham at Central St Martins. Thanks also to Simon & Ira at the London Centre for Book Arts for making time to give us a tour of their facility on Saturday while in the midst of teaching a beginning letterpress workshop! We boarded the plane headed back home with plenty of good memories and inspired ideas.